Is Your Hard Drive Healthy?
In most cases a hard drive crashes gives you some warning signs to look for before it crashes, so you can fix it before it dies completely. If the drive is screeching or clicking, or slow to find or retrieve files, then you may have a problem to address sooner than later.
The first thing you should do is review your hard drive’s S.M.A.R.T. status (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology), which detects and report indicators of drive reliability associated with imminent hardware failures.
S.M.A.R.T. will give you the health statistic of your hard drive, but if you want to dig deeper or even try your hand at repairing the drive, there are downloadable programs to assist as well. CrystalDiskInfo works on the Windows platform and DriveDx for the MacOS.