What is Band Steering and How Does it Work?

In order to understand how band steering works, first let’s go over the basics of band frequencies.

Most newer routers offer two different band frequencies, also known as dual-band access points: 2.4GHz and 5GHz. 2.4GHz is slower but has longer range. 5GHz has higher bandwidth for faster speeds but is limited to a shorter range. Connecting your devices to the correct frequency can help you achieve optimal internet speeds.


What is Band Steering?


Some Wi-Fi networks feature band steering, a technology that eliminates the need to choose what devices should be connected to which band. Band steering pairs each device to the compatible frequency.

Newer devices will automatically be directed to the higher performing 5GHz band while older devices will be shifted to the 2.4GHz band to help keep your 5GHz bandwidth uncluttered. Band steering also allows your device to shift to the best band as you move throughout your home. For example, if you’re moving farther from your router while browsing on your phone, your phone will switch from a 5GHz connection to a 2.4GHz connection to extend the range of your connection.


Which Band is My Device Connected to?


Managed Wi-Fi systems, like Optim, offer the easiest way to manage your home network. Through Optim’s dashboard, you can see how many devices are currently connected to your network as well as which band they’re connected to. Optim also features Smartsteering technology that automatically directs your devices to the best bandwidth for optimal performance.

Another easy way to tell which devices are connected to each band is to log into a router or gateway using the IP address. By logging into your router, you have access to all your network information, including the devices connected to your Wi-Fi. Within the wireless information section, you can see how many devices are connected to each bandwidth.

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